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Unit 3
Health Unit 3

Gender
Sexual Harassment
Domestic Violence
Date Rape

DAY 1   2/19          3/5
Introduction - stereotypes, SH, DR,DV
Brainstorming  - stereotyping and effects
Loaded language activity
Gender notes and study guide
Assignment - Parent Interview Form (type)
DAY 6    2/26          3/12
Video - “But He Loves Me” with review questions.

DAY 2   2/20          3/6
Pyramid of Success
Domestic Violence notes and study guide

Assignment - Playing Favorites (type)

DAY 7    2/27          3/13
Pyramid of Success
Date Rape quiz
Date rape notes / myths
Study guide
DAY 3  2/21          3/7

Speaker - YWCA  

DAY 8     2/28          3/14
Video - Date Rape, with review questions
DAY 4   2/22          3/8
Pyramid of Success
Sexual Harassment quiz
Sexual Harassment notes, discussion and study guide.
DAY 9    3/1          3/15
Packet evaluation / scoring
Assignments Due Interview & Favorites
Review
DAY 5 2/25           3/11
Video - Sexual Harassment with study guide

DAY 10    ¾
Test





Legal Definitions of Sexual Harassment
Sexual harassment is a legal term, created for the purpose of ending harassment and discrimination against women in the workplace. The term is constantly being redefined and extended in legislation and court decisions. However, not all sexual behavior in the workplace is harassment, and the laws against sexual harassment do not extend to situations outside the workplace or school.
Unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other verbal or physical conduct of a sexual nature constitutes sexual harassment when submission to or rejection of this conduct explicitly or implicitly affects an individual's employment, unreasonably interferes with an individual's work performance or creates an intimidating, hostile or offensive work environment.
This definition has been further elaborated:
Sexual harassment can occur in a variety of circumstances, including but not limited to the following:
The victim as well as the harasser may be a woman or a man. The victim does not have to be of the opposite sex.
The harasser can be the victim's supervisor, an agent of the employer, a supervisor in another area, a co-worker, or a non-employee.
The victim does not have to be the person harassed but could be anyone affected by the offensive conduct.
Unlawful sexual harassment may occur without economic injury to or discharge of the victim.
The harasser's conduct must be unwelcome.
There are two legally recognized types of sexual harassment:
quid pro quo sexual harassment
hostile environment sexual harassment.
Quid pro quo sexual harassment occurs when an individual's submission to or rejection of sexual advances or conduct of a sexual nature is used as the basis for employment decisions affecting the individual or the individual's submission to such conduct is made a term or condition of employment.
It is sufficient to show a threat of economic loss to prove quid pro quo sexual harassment.
A single sexual advance may constitute harassment if it is linked to the granting or denial of employment benefits.
Courts have held employers strictly liable for quid pro quo sexual harassment initiated by supervisory employees.
A subordinate who submits and then changes her or his mind and refuses can still bring quid pro quo sexual harassment charges.
Hostile environment sexual harassment occurs when unwelcome sexual conduct unreasonably interferes with an individual's job performance or creates a hostile, intimidating or offensive work environment even though the harassment may not result in tangible or economic job consequences, that is, the person may not lose pay or a promotion.
The EEOC requires all organizations with more than 15 employees to develop a sexual harassment policy, to make that policy public, and train employees in issues of sexual harassment. If you're not sure whether or not you're being harassed, talk to someone in the human resources department of your organization.
PICTURE "http://www.de.psu.edu/harassment/image/return.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET I'm being harassed
If you are experiencing sexual harassment, there are a variety of steps you can take. Ignoring sexual harassment does not make it go away. The harasser may interpret a lack of response as encouragement! You may want to do more than one of these things...
Know your rights. Sexual harassment is illegal. The EEOC requires all organizations with more than 15 employees to have policies and procedures to deal with sexual harassment. Find out what your rights are and what procedures are in place to help you.
Speak up at the time. Be sure to say "NO" clearly, firmly and without smiling. There is a chance that the harasser does not realize the behavior is offensive; you must be firm in saying that you are offended.
Keep records. Keep track of what happens in a journal or diary and keep any letters or notes or other documents or artifacts you receive. Write down the dates, times, places, and an account of what happened. Write down the names of any witnesses.
Identify an advocate. An advocate is someone who is supposed to help you use the resources of the schools or workplace effectively. Most schools and employers have Affirmative Action Offices where you can talk to someone who will help you. Advocates should have training to help you with both informal and formal procedures to deal with your situation.
Write a letter. People have successfully stopped sexual harassment by writing a letter detailing the behavior that is offensive and asking the person who is harassing them to stop the behavior. The letter should be polite, unemotional, and detailed. Such a letter seems to be more powerful than a verbal request. The recipient of the letter seldom writes back; the person usually just stops the behavior.
Report sexual harassment to the appropriate person in the organization. Schools and employers are required to have policies and procedures for dealing with sexual harassment against the
File a complaint with the EEOC.  The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission is a federal agency that enforces federal anti-discrimination laws.
CTURE "http://www.de.psu.edu/harassment/image/return.gif" \* MERGEFORMATINET My child is being harassed
Court decisions have extended protection from sexual harassment to the school setting. Some research indicates that there is a great deal of sexual harassment in elementary and secondary schools. While girls are the usual victims, boys may also occasionally be harassed.
Learn more about the issue. Learn more about sexual harassment in general and about sexual harassment in schools in particular.
Believe and support your child.
Talk with appropriate authorities. Schools are now required by law to protect children from sexual harassment. Schools, like workplaces, have to have policies, make those policies known, and develop procedures to deal with sexual harassment
If all else fails, consult an attorney and bring charges
 
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Acquaintance Rape: any non-consensual sexual activity between 2 or more people who know each other.
Acquaintance Rape can happen between friends, spouses, girlfriends and/or boyfriends, people who just met, etc..
The facts:
60% of all rape victims know their assailants.
92% of adolecent rape vicitms know their assailants.
On college campuses:
1 in 4 women are victims of rape,
84% of those women knew their assailant,
57% of those rapes happened on a date.

Sources of facts:
Hughes, J.O. and Sandler, B.R. Friends Raping Friends--Could it Happen to You?, Project on the Status and Education of Women, 1987.
Acquaintence Rape: When the Rapist is Someone You Know, Written and published by the Illinois Coalition Against Sexual Assault, 1990
Risk Factors

Male Characteristics and Behaviors
Disrespectful speech or actions
Socially inappropriate behavior
Domineering or controlling behavior
Acting dishonestly or inconsistently
Alcohol abuse
Belief in rape myths
Irresponsibility
Hostility toward women
Female Risk Factors
Sense of vulnerability
Overlooking discomfort
Overlooking warning signs
Idealizing men
Alcohol abuse


Situational Characteristics
Isolated or unfamiliar environment
Women dependent on men for transportation
Man initiates and/or pays
Alcohol and/or other drug abuse

Carter, C. (ed). The Other Side of Silence, Gilsom, N.H.: Avocus Publishing, 1995
Trust your gut. If you don't feel comfortable in a situation, leave it.
Take care of yourself. Don't put yourself in a situation where other people might have to take care of you, because they might not be there.
Be careful when inviting someone into your home, or going to someone esle's home. These are the places that most acquaintence rapes occur.
Communicate with your partner. Be firm, don't send mixed messages, be clear with your partner what you are comfortable doing.
Be aware and independent on dates. Have opinions on what you will do, pay your own way, provide your own transportation.
Be aware of alcohol and drugs. They can compromise your judgement, and the judgement of your partner.
If things start to get out of hand, leave, protest loudly Don't wait for someone else to help. If things feel uncomfortable, leave.
When going out with someone new, don't feel you have to go alone. Go on a group date, go out and meet a group of friends, meet in a public place.
Socialize with people who share your values. If you are with someone who is more sexually permissive than you they might percieve you as sharing those values.
Avoid falling for lines such as "If you loved me." If your partner loved you they would respect your feelings and wait till you are ready.

TALK TO YOUR FRIENDS. BECOME AWARE WHEN YOU ARE IN HIGH RISK SITUATIONS. TAKE CARE OF YOURSELF.





#1     A MYTH about sexual Assault:
RAPE is sex.
The TRUTH is:
Rape is a crime motivated by a need to control, humiliate and harm. Rapists use sexual assault as a weapon to hurt and dominate others.
#2 You know, there are never reports of men being sexually assaulted. Are the assaults not being reported, or do men just never get assaulted?
The assaults are not being reported. Almost as many boys as girls will be assaulted by age 18.One in 6 to 10 males will be sexually assaulted in a lifetime.
#3 Myth or Fact?  White women are more likely to be raped by black men than by white men.
It is a MYTH. The FACT is: Only 13% of reported rapes are interracial and, of those that are, the majority involve white men raping black women.

#4 Can you believe this?
Some people actually think that women ASK to be raped?
The TRUTH is: the way people look, act or dress does not invite sexual assault. Victims are selected because they appear vulnerable. Sexual assault is an act of violence.
#5 Myth or Fact? A woman is ten times more likely to be raped than to die in a car crash?
Fact
#6 True or False? There is no way to protect oneself against sexual assault.
False - There are ways to reduce the risk of another assault and to increase awareness, sensitivity and safety. For example, there are self-defense classes, which help women to be alert, fend off an attack, and aid others in crisis.
#7 True or False? It is impossible to rape your spouse.
False - Sex without consent is rape. Spousal relationships do not validate forced sex without consent. Relationships where married women feel pressured against their will are abusive. Healthy partners provide intimacy as an act of love, not duty.
#8 People think that no real man would turn down an opportunity to have sex.
The truth is, is that all men have the ability and responsibility to say no to sex when it is not appropriate and consensual.

To figure out whether you may be in an abusive or potentially abusive relationship, answer these questions about how your date treats you:
Does my date ever hit, slap, shove, kick or restrain me?
Does my date ever threaten to hurt me?
Does my date call me names or insult me?
Does my date become jealous if I talk to or go places with other people?
Does my date make me tell where I am all the time?
Does my date blame alcohol or drugs for becoming angry and losing control?
Does my date ever touch me without my permission or force me to have sex against my will?
Does my date threaten to commit suicide if I try to leave the relationship?
Am I afraid to disagree with my date?
10.When I spend time with other people, does my date become angry and accuse me of cheating?
11.Do I avoid seeing friends or doing things because I'm afraid my date will get angry?
If you answer "yes" to any of these questions, you may be in a problem relationship. If there is a pattern to these behaviors, you could even be at risk of emotional and/or physical harm. Talk to someone now about getting help.
Several telltale physical and psychological symptoms are associated with violent teen dating relationships. These include:
Alcohol or drug abuse, either to dull her pain or as a result of coercion from her boyfriend
Anxiety and fear of saying or doing anything to "set off" her boyfriend
Bruises and broken bones, with sudden changes in dress or makeup to hide her injuries
Depression or thoughts of suicide
Guilt, shame and self-blame
Indecisiveness, lack of confidence in her judgment or feelings of inadequacy

Gender / Stereotypes
Definitions.
Sexual identity. A person's physiological status as male or female.
Gender identity. A continuous and persistent sense of ourselves as male or female.
Gender role or sex role. The behaviors, attitudes values, beliefs and so on that a particular cultural group considers appropriate for males and females on the basis of their biological sex.
Gender role/identity refers to a person's understanding and acceptance of gender roles.
Gender or sex role behavior refers to what people's behaviors are actually like.
Gender or sex role stereotype. The socially determined model which contains the cultural beliefs about what the gender roles should be.
Sex typing refers to the differential treatment of people according to their biological sex.
Editor's Note: In practice, this term is used in a more subtle way. If one has very rigid views about how one should behave, or how others should behave, one is said to be highly sex-typed
Sexual preference (or sexual orientation) refers to a person's preference for the same or opposite sex partners, eg, homosexual, heterosexual, bisexual.

Differences. . . .Myths
.

Girls tend to pick up auditory information while boys do better visually.

Why are girls more successful at school? Perhaps emphasis on communication in projects and exams submerges differences. Success at school nowadays depends on being able to writes essays and examination papers. If girls are better at verbal communication than boys, then they are likely to succeed.

In general, men are taller and heavier than women. In sports, men tend to outperform women in strength and speed. Women seem to have greater endurance. In spite of many attempts, sports have never become completely unisex.
Yet, for example, Ward and Whipp (1) suggest that running speeds for male and female athletes have improved steadily through the twentieth century, but women have improved much more than men. Dyer (2)  found the same for athletics, swimming and cycling. Both predict that sex differences may disappear by the middle of the next century. It seems unlikely, however, that they will compete in sports of strength.

Men, it is said, are generally more aggressive, physically and verbally, and enjoy taking risks. They play fighting games and enjoy 'dares.' More men than women are convicted for crimes, especially crimes of violence.
Some say that this is simply a matter of biology, others suggest that it is a function of the way we organize the sex and gender roles in our society.

More importantly, regardless of the findings that sex differences really do exist after all, or the pressure to deny them, socially we still expect women to behave like women and men like men.

Is there a difference in the spatial abilities between men and women? It seems that men find it much easier to visualize and deal with spaces, the position of objects, relative heights and dimensions

Males are more aggressive than females.
Though this finding has been challenged, and the definition of aggression itself questioned, it is a fairly common feature, both of human cultures and of the more complex species, that male offspring are more likely to engage in play fighting and adults more likely to fight. Many workers challenge this, while others assert that it is the primary indicator of masculinity or femininity.

Females have more verbal ability than males, while males have better visuo-spatial skills.
The distinction seems to appear at about the age of eleven and, because of the relevance to education, it has received a great deal of attention. Although girls and boys seem to have the same ability for computational arithmetic, teenage boys also seem to do better at the more abstract math's.






Reflection Questions
Sexual Harassment
Name:
Class Period:
Why is it important for everyone to understand sexual harassment issues?


What happens if someone is held legally liable for behavior in regards to sexual harassment?



Describe the two main types of sexual harassment?  Have you seen examples of sexual harassment at school?  What type of sexual harassment do you feel are most common in the school setting?



Describe in detail the steps one should take if they are being harassed.



Reflection Questions
Acquaintance Rape / Sexual Assault
Name:
Class Period:
What is acquaintance rape?  Acquaintance rape can occur between …   Are males ever assaulted?

What percentage of women on college campuses will be victims of rape? ___  What percentage of these women knew their assailant? ___  What percentage of the rapes occurred while on dates? ___
Describe three common myths about rape.


Describe the female risk factors.



Describe the male characteristics or warning signs.


How can you protect yourself from sexual assault and/or acquaintance rape?

Reflection Questions
Gender Issues
Name:
Class Period:
Why is it important for everyone to be aware of gender issues?


What is the difference between sexual identity and gender identity?


What is gender or sex role stereotype?  How can stereotypes create conflicts for people?



Discuss four common gender stereotypes and the impact it may have on both males and females.




Reflection Questions
Abusive Relationships
Name:
Class Period:

List six warning signs that you may be in an abusive relationship?



What are some common symptoms that may be seen when someone is an abusive relationship?


What is the cycle of abuse?


What is the motivation for those that are abusive?  What are they trying to achieve?  Do seriously abusive people ever change?



What three tools do abusers use to control victims?